Sparta was a dominant ancient Greek city with military power and owed this military efficiency to its social structure in the region.
Sparta the city state had greatest military power of Greece and played catalytic role in history of Peloponnese. The dominant power in Greece, Sparta’s role was over by the year 362 B.C., The Spartan myth continues to fascinate Western culture.
The majority of inhabitants of Sparta were slaves who, every autumn during the Crypteia, could be killed by a Spartan citizen without fear of blood or guilt. Even though the later Spartans did not produce philosophy art or any written work left us, its people were admired for their valor and for keeping alive the Greek values.